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Common Core 110

 

Aviation Capable Ships Fundamentals

 

110.1 State the mission of each of the following classes of aviation capable ships:

1. AE - Ammunition Ship- They operate with replenishment groups to deliver ammunition and missiles to ships at sea. These ships handle all types of munitions. They carry two CH-46 helicopters for vertical replenishment and support.  Some are run by the US Navy and some by the Military Sealift Command (designated T-AE, and named USNS vice USS)

KILAUEA CLASS

2. AD - Destroyer Tender- There are currently none listed as active with either the US Navy or the Military Sealift Command.

3. AFS - Combat Stores Ship- The Military Sealift Command operates six T-AFS Combat Stores Ships to provide repair parts, clothing, food, including frozen, chilled, and dry provisions, and mail.  Uses CH-46 or UH-46.

MARS CLASS

SIRIUS CLASS

4. AS - Submarine Tender- support maintenance and logistics for nuclear attack submarines.

SIMON LAKE CLASS specifically for ballistic missile submarines.  Currently none in active service.
EMERY S. LAND CLASS three  currently in service 

5. AO/AOE - Oilers/Oiler and Ammunition Support Ships- AO: These ships carry fuel, jet fuel, and other petroleum products. They operate with replenishment groups and deliver their cargo to ships at sea. They can service from both sides of the ship simultaneously. AOE: The largest and most powerful auxiliary ship in the Navy. AOE ships carry missiles, fuel, ammunition and general cargo. They can also carry refrigerated cargo and supplies. They carry two H-46 helicopters for vertical replenishment and support.

HENRY J KAISER CLASS (TAO)
SACRAMENTO CLASS (AOE)
SUPPLY CLASS (AOE)

6. CG - Guided Missile Cruiser- These ships serve provide protection against surface and air attacks, and gunfire support for land operations. They have a large cruising range and are capable of speeds over 30 knots. Some cruisers are capable of conducting anti-air warfare, antisubmarine warfare, and anti-surface ship warfare at the same time. The primary responsibility of CGs is protection of the carrier from air/missile attack.  They carry a LAMPS Mk III SH-60B helicopter.

TICONDEROGA CLASS (CG)

7. CV/CVN - Carrier/Nuclear Powered Carrier- Carriers are designed to carry, launch, retrieve and handle combat aircraft quickly and efficiently. It can approach the enemy at high speed, launch planes, recover them, and retire before its position can be determined. Attack carriers are excellent long-range offensive weapons and are the center of the modern naval task force or task group. There is only one training carrier. It is home ported in Pensacola, Florida.

KITTY HAWK CLASS (CV)
ENTERPRISE CLASS (CVN)
NIMITZ CLASS (CVN)

8. DD/DDG - Destroyer/Guided Missile Destroyer- Multipurpose ships used in any kind of naval operation. Fast ships with a large variety of armament and little or no armor. They depend on their speed and mobility for protection. They operate offensively and defensively against subs and surface ships. They can take defensive action against air assaults. They provide gunfire support for amphibious assaults. They can perform patrol, search and rescue missions, if needed. They can accommodate two SH-60B helicopters.

SPRUANCE CLASS (DD)
 ARLEIGH BURKE CLASS (DDG)

9. FFG - Guided Missile Frigates- Frigates are used for open-ocean escort and patrol. They resemble destroyers in appearance, but are smaller, have only a single screw, and carry less armament.  Their primary mission is ASW.  They can carry one SH-60B helicopters.

OLIVER HAZARD PERRY CLASS

10. LCC - Amphibious Command Ship- Provides accommodations and command and communication facilities for various commanders and their staffs. They can serve as a command ship for an amphibious task force, landing force, and air support commanders during amphibious operations. They are the most modern and capable command facilities afloat.  There are only two LCC in the US Navy.  The Blue Ridge (home ported in Yokosuka) and the Mt. Whitney (home ported in Naples).  They carry any helicopters except CH-53.

BLUE RIDGE CLASS

11. LHA - Amphibious Assault Ship (General Purpose)- Built for helicopter assault.  Well decks retrofitted for use with LCAC and conventional landing craft.  Can carry CH-46, CH-53, and AV-8B aircraft.

TARAWA CLASS

12. LHD - Amphibious Assault Ship (Multi-Purpose)- They are designed based on that of an LHA.  Built with well decks for using LCAC and conventional landing craft.  Also capable of carrying CH-46, CH-53, and AV-8B aircraft.  Can cross deck SH-60 aircraft for ASW missions.  Newer and slightly larger than LHAs.

WASP CLASS

13. LPD - Amphibious Transport Dock- Combines the features of a Dock Landing Ship (LSD), with the features of an Amphibious Assault Ship (LPH). They can transport troops and equipment in the same ship. It has facilities for 6 CH-46 helicopters.

AUSTIN CLASS

14. LPH - Amphibious Assault Ship (Helicopter)- Designed to embark, transport, and land 1,800 troops and their equipment via transport helicopters in conjunction with a beach assault. They can also assist with antisubmarine warfare.  None currently in active naval service.  Replaced by LHA/LHDs.

IWO JIMA CLASS

15. LSD - Dock Landing Ship- Can transport and launch a variety of loaded amphibious craft and vehicles. Provides limited docking and repair services to small ships and craft and equipped to refuel helicopters. In order to launch craft, the LSD must have the well flooded for the craft to move out on their own power. It has one CH-53 helicopter landing spot.

ANCHORAGE CLASS
WHIDBEY ISLAND CLASS

16. MCS - Mine Countermeasures Support Ship- There is only one of these in the naval inventory.  It was converted from an LPH.

USS INCHON

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